|MadSci Network: Evolution|
Hi, I had never encountered the term "Borel's upper limit" before, so I did a Web search using Google http://www.google.com/search?q=%22Borel%27s+upper+limit%22 As you can see, only two URLs popped up. Both of these are Creationist sites and both misuse the mathematics involved. Obviously even extremely improbable events do occur. If you happen to be the sentient result of such an extremely unlikely event, such as life on earth, it may seem to you impossible. Note in Chaitin's presentation he remarks that "God does play dice in physics"! Here is a URL explaining why Goedel's Incompleteness Theorem makes the mathematical argument invalid. http://www.umcs.maine.edu/~chaitin/summer.html Furthermore, the question itself is misleading. Single cells did not appear magically but evolved from earlier proteins and amino acids. Here is a reference on the origins of life on earth. http://members.aol.com/darwinpage/abiogenesis.htm#Origins Lastly here are some responses to Creationist arguments. http://www.talkorigins.org/origins/faqs-creationists.html Please understand, I am not trying to bash religion. In fact I am very fond of the work of Teilhard de Chardin who manages to merge Theology and Science. Here is a URL on him and his work. http://www.crosscurrents.org/chardin.htm David
Try the links in the MadSci Library for more information on Evolution.