|MadSci Network: Earth Sciences|
Hurricanes do form and make landfall in the Eastern Pacific, Central
Pacific, and Western Pacific. Forecasting and warning for these areas is
the responsibility of the National
Hurricane Center in Miami (Eastern Pacific), the Central Pacific Hurricane Center
in Honolulu (Central Pacific), the Joint Typhoon Warning
Center in Honolulu (West Pacific) and the Japan Meteorological
Agency (West Pacific).
Hurricanes are called typhoons in the Western Pacific Basin. Last year alone 11 named storms made landfall in Japan. The American Territory of Guam is routinely impacted by typhoons, as are many of the island nations throughout the Pacific Basin. Typhoons have made landfall in prior years along the Vietnamese, Korean, and Chinese coasts as well.
The size and strength a tropical cyclone attains and maintains is dependent on the atmospheric and oceanic conditions, primarily pressure patterns and sea surface temperatures, rather than the expanse of open ocean over which they move.
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